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Overflow on the Mackenzie Delta sea ice surface and the hydraulics of strudel flows

  • Author / Creator
    Bélanger, Maxime
  • The main objective of this study was to describe the overflow of freshwater onto the sea ice surface in the Mackenzie Delta and to investigate the hydraulic behaviour of the upwelling and strudel events. This study was performed from the analysis of data collected during field investigations, from satellite images and from experimental laboratory studies. A forecasting method using the water level in the Mackenzie River was formulated to predict the overflow initiation about five days before its occurrence. The physical modelling of a strudel flow through a circular hole established a relation between the overflow depth and the discharge coefficient. Velocity measurements of the free-surface vortex using an Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter found that velocities at the vortex’s core were influenced by its vorticity. Finally, predictions of maximum strudel scour, which are of great importance for the determination of burial depth of pipelines, were predicted from published impinging jet experiments.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2010-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3XW3B
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Loewen, Mark (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Hicks, Faye (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Hicks, Faye (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Loewen, Mark (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Sharp, Martin (Earth and Atmospheric Sciences)