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Subcritical water extraction of bio-molecules from lentil biomass

  • Author / Creator
    Haldar, Anupam
  • Solubility of glucose and lactose in subcritical water (SCW) was first determined at different pressures and temperatures. Sugar solubility increased with temperature but decreased with an increase in pressure. Then, carbohydrates and phenolics were extracted from lentil husk and cotyledon using SCW. Effect of temperature (120-180°C), pressure (15-120 bar), flow rate (2-5 mL/min), pH (4-10) and ethanol content (0-80%, v/v) in pressurized ethanol+water mixtures were evaluated. For lentil husk, the optimum yield of carbohydrates (60.54±1.32 g/100 g husk), pentosans (18.26±1.47 g/100 g husk) and phenolics (4.78±0.15 g/100 g husk) were obtained at 200°C, pH of 4, 22.8% ethanol (v/v) and 65 bar. For lentil cotyledon, the optimum yield of carbohydrates (61.66±0.72 g/100 g cotyledon) and phenolics (2.05±0.06 g/100 g cotyledon) were obtained at 172.9°C, 80.2 bar and pH of 6.2. The findings demonstrate that SCW extraction is a potential alternative to conventional extraction to obtain carbohydrates and phenolics from lentil.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2013-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3JH3DD2F
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Agricultural, Food, and Nutritional Science
  • Specialization
    • Food Science and Technology
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Saldana, Marleny D. Aranda (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Guigard, Selma E. (Civil & Environmental Engineering)
    • Vasanthan, Thavar (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)