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Effect of postweaning implantation of zeranol and dietary energy level on growth and reproductive performance of replacement beef heifers

  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
  • Eighty-one heifer calves weaned at an average age of 6 mo were used to study the effect of postweaning zeranol implantation, on the growth and reproductive performance of heifers fed to grow slowly on three dietary energy levels. Forty heifers were implanted with 36 mg of zeranol at 30 d and again at 120 d postweaning. The remaining heifers were used as ummplanted controls. Within the implanted and control groups, heifers were subdivided into three groups and fed either a low, medium or high energy diet, which provided approximately 105, 130 and 160%, respectively, of NRC maintenance energy requirement, until 1 yr of age. The heifers were then turned out to pasture with hay supplementation. Heifers were exposed to bulls for 35 d at approximately 14 mo of age. Zeranol had no significant effect on growth. The effect of zeranol on the reproductive traits studied was not significant, although the trend was that the zeranol implanted heifers had lower calf crop born (52.3 vs. 63.6%) and lower incidence of calving difficulty (18.5 vs. 32.1%) than control heifers. The level of energy in the diet had a significant (P < 0.01) effect on growth of the heifers, with those on the high energy diet having the highest mean growth rate, but no significant effect on reproductive performance.

  • Date created
    1991
  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Type of Item
    Article (Published)
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R37V5J
  • License
    @1991 Makarechian, M., Arthur, P. F., Price, M. A. This version of this article is open access and can be downloaded and shared. The original author(s) and source must be cited.
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  • Citation for previous publication
    • Makarechian, M., P.F. Arthur and Price, M.A. (1991). Effect of postweaning implantation of zeranol and dietary energy level on growth and reproductive performance of replacement beef heifers. Canadian Journal of Animal Science, 71, 265-270. http://dx.doi.org/10.4141/cjas91-034
  • Link to related item
    http://dx.doi.org/10.4141/cjas91-034