Gain Analysis and Stability of Nonlinear Control Systems

  • Author / Creator
    Zahedzadeh, Vahid
  • The complexity of large industrial engineering systems such as chemical plants has continued to increase over the years. As a result, flexible control systems are required to handle variation in the operating conditions. In the classical approach, first the plant model should be linearized at the nominal operating point and then, a robust controller should be designed for the resulting linear system. However, the performance of a controller designed by this method deteriorates when operation deviates from the nominal point. When the distance between the operating region and the nominal operating point increases, this performance degradation may lead to instability. In the context of traditional linear control, one method to solve this problem is to consider the impact of nonlinearity as “uncertainty” around the nominal model and design a controller such that the desired performance is satisfied for all possible systems in the uncertainty set. As the size of uncertainty increases, conservatism occurs and at some point, it becomes impossible to design a controller that can provide satisfactory performance. One of the methods proposed to overcome the aforementioned shortcomings is the so-called Multiple Model approach. Using Multi-Models, local designs are performed for various operating regions and membership functions or a supervisory switching scheme is used to interpolate or switch among the controllers as the operating point moves among local regions. Since the Multiple Model method is a natural extension of the linear control method, it inherits some benefits of linear control such as simplicity of analysis and implementation. However, all these benefits are valid locally. For example, the multiple model method may be vulnerable when global stability is taken into account. The core objective of this thesis is to develop new tools to study stability of closed-loop nonlinear systems controlled by local controllers in order to improve design of multiple model control systems. For example, one of the aims of this work is to investigate how to determine the region where closed loop system is stable. A secondary objective is to study the effects of the exogenous signals on stability of such systems.

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  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Doctor of Philosophy
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    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.