Composition-Tunable Formamidinium Lead Mixed Halide Perovskites via Solvent-Free Mechanochemical Synthesis: Decoding the Pb Environments Using Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy

  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
  • Mixed-halide lead perovskites are becoming of paramount interest in the optoelectronic and photovoltaic research fields, offering band gap tunability, improved efficiency, and enhanced stability compared to their single halide counterparts. Formamidinium-based mixed halide perovskites (FA-MHPs) are critical to obtaining optimum solar cell performance. Here, we report a solvent-free mechanochemical synthesis (MCS) method to prepare FA-MHPs, starting with their parent compounds (FAPbX3; X = Cl, Br, I), achieving compositions not previously accessible through the solvent synthesis (SS) technique. By probing local Pb environments in MCS FA-MHPs using solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, along with powder X-ray diffraction for long-range crystallinity and reflectance measurements to determine the optical band gap, we show that MCS FA-MHPs form atomic-level solid solutions between Cl/Br and Br/I MHPs. Our results pave the way for advanced methods in atomic-level structural understanding while offering a one-pot synthetic approach to prepare MHPs with superior control of stoichiometry.

  • Date created
  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Type of Item
    Article (Draft / Submitted)
  • DOI
  • License
    Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International