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An ontology-driven concept-based information retrieval approach for web documents

  • Author / Creator
    Li, Zhan
  • Building computer agents that can utilize the meanings in the text of Web documents is a promising extension of current search technology. Concept-based information retrieval applies "intelligent" agents to identify Web documents that match user queries. A new concept-based information retrieval framework, Hybrid Ontology-based Textual Information Retrieval (HOTIR), is introduced in this thesis. HOTIR accepts conventional keyword-based queries, translates them into concept-based queries, enriches definitions of concepts with supplementary knowledge from a knowledge base, and ranks documents by aggregating "equivalent" concepts identified in them. The concept-based queries in HOTIR are organized in a hierarchy of concepts (HofC) and definitions of concepts are added from a knowledge base to enhance their meanings. The knowledge base is a modified ontology (ModOnt) that can enrich the HofC with concept definitions in the form of related-concepts, terms, their importance values, and their relations. The ModOnt relies on an adaptive assignment of term importance (AATI) scheme that continuously updates the importance of terms/concepts using Web documents. The identified concepts in a Web document that match those in the HofC are evaluated using ordered weighted averaging (OWA) operators, and documents are ranked according to the degree to which they satisfy the HofC. The case studies and experiments presented in the thesis are designed to validate the performance of HOTIR.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2010-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Doctor of Philosophy
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3WS30
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Doctoral
  • Department
    • Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Reformat, Marek (Electrical and Computer Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Zhao, Vicky (Electrical and Computer Engineering)
    • Musilek, Petr (Electrical and Computer Engineering)
    • Kreinovich, Vladik (Computing Science)
    • Szymanski, Jozef (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Pedrycz, Witold (Electrical and Computer Engineering)