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Kinetic analysis of manual wheelchair propulsion under different environmental conditions between experienced and new manual wheelchair users with spinal cord injury

  • Author / Creator
    Singla, Manu
  • Objectives: To compare wheelchair propulsion kinetics between new (acute) and experienced (chronic) manual wheelchair users with spinal cord injury (SCI) under natural environmental conditions and secondly; to examine the association between shoulder pain and propulsion kinetic outcomes. Methods: Thirteen participants per group participated. Propulsion kinetic parameters were measured using the Smartwheel. Shoulder pain was assessed using Wheelchair Users Shoulder Pain index. A factorial ANOVA was used to determine interaction and main effects of group (acute, chronic) and condition (tile, carpet and ramp). Results: Participants in both groups were matched for level of injury. There was no significant difference between groups for propulsion kinetics including peak force, push frequency, push length and speed. Push mechanical effectiveness was significantly higher in the acute group. Shoulder pain was significantly associated with propulsion kinetic outcomes in the acute group. Conclusion: Our findings suggest individual attention to propulsion kinetics during propulsion training under acute rehabilitation and follow-up programs designed to refine propulsion strategies for people with chronic SCI living in the community.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2009-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3D72R
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Dr. Trish Manns, Associate Professor, (Department of Physical Therapy)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Ms. Judy Chepeha, Assistant Professor, (Department of Physical Therapy)
    • Dr. Martin Ferguson- Pell, Dean of the Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine