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Pyrolysis of asphaltenes in an atmospheric entrained flow reactor: A study on gasification reactivity and properties of chars

  • Author / Creator
    Mahapatra, Nirlipt
  • Solvent deasphalting, followed by asphaltenes gasification, has been recommended as a favorable alternative to coker based upgrading processes. However, very limited work has been carried out on pyrolysis and gasification of asphaltenes, at entrained flow conditions. The present work aims at addressing this gap. Chars were prepared in an atmospheric entrained flow reactor, at different process conditions. Several characterization techniques viz. SEM, EDX, XRD, FTIR, ICP-MS, TGA etc. were used to identify the changes in morphology, structure and properties of chars. Individual char particles were observed as having hollow structures, with porous walls. Effect of pyrolysis temperature, was observed to be much more prominent, than the effect of residence time (between 5-12s). Global gasification reactivity of different chars, was compared at a fixed temperature and concentration of CO2 and steam. Chars obtained at higher temperatures exhibited lower H/C ratio, and had lower content of heteroatoms. Graphitization of chars was observed at higher temperatures. Consequently, chars obtained at higher operating temperatures, demonstrated lower gasification reactivity. Vanadium and nickel present in asphaltenes, accumulated in chars. Kinetic parameters for pyrolysis, and heterogeneous char steam/CO2 reactions were estimated. Gasification reactions were observed, to be 5-6 orders of magnitude, slower than pyrolysis reactions. Temperature, velocity profile and residence time for particles in the DTF were also estimated by mathematical models (COMSOL Multiphysics).

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2014-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3ST7F390
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
  • Specialization
    • Chemical Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Gupta, Rajender (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Soares, Joao (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Li, Leijun (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Prasad, Vinay (Chemical and Materials Engineering)