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Neoichnology and Sedimentology of the Fluvial-Tidal Transition Zone of the Columbia River Delta, northwest U.S.A.

  • Author / Creator
    Dicks, Robynn M
  • The Columbia River Delta, northwest U.S.A., is a complex depositional environment at the mouth of the second largest United States’ river. Through the study of tidal sand bars within the fluvial-tidal transition, neoichnological and sedimentological characteristics of the mixed-energy brackish-water setting were established. Neoichnological analysis determined trace assemblages of the area are consistent with the Teichichnus ichnofacies, with the most intense burrowing found along the bar tops and intertidal zone. Additionally, the ichnogenera burrowing depth, density and burrow diameter decrease moving up-river, and there is larval tidal recruitment of marine trace-makers into the oligohaline zone. Sedimentological analysis of the dataset led to the identification of six facies for the tidal bars of the Columbia River Delta, which were synthesized into one facies association. The more obvious sedimentological tidal indicators are not present in the representative facies and are much more subtle, encompassing changes in flow regime within a single facies.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2012-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3Q673
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Gingras, Murray (Earth and Atmospheric Sciences)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Pemberton, S. George (Earth and Atmospheric Sciences)
    • Zonneveld, John-Paul (Earth and Atmospheric Sciences)
    • Murray, Alison (Biological Sciences)