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Notch regulates the growth-promoting nitric oxide cGMP-dependent pathway in epithelial ovarian cancer and ovarian surface epithelium cells

  • Author / Creator
    El-Sehemy, Ahmed Ali Ahmed Ali
  • Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of mortality among gynecologic cancers. There are several subtypes of ovarian cancer, amongst which epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) makes up to 90% of all ovarian cancers. The current treatment for EOC consists of debulking surgery followed by a chemotherapeutic regimen composed of platinum-derivative/paclitaxel agents. This regimen is inefficient due to the high rate of chemoresistance development. Thus, targeted therapeutic strategies are in demand in order to control this disease. To this end, a better understanding of the molecular pathways and mechanisms underlying the initiation and development of EOC is required. Here, we report the interaction between the oncogenic Notch and nitric oxide (NO) pathways and provide novel insights into the molecular nature of this interaction. Moreover, we show that NO signaling promotes the growth of EOC cells in vitro and propose blocking this pathway as a potential targeted therapeutic strategy in EOC.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2014-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3MT2G
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Oncology
  • Specialization
    • Experimental Oncology
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Fu, YangXin (Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Department of Oncology)
    • Shaw, Andrew (Department of Oncology)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Shaw, Andrew (Department of Oncology)
    • Underhill, Alan (Department of Oncology)
    • Postovit, Lynne-Marie (Department of Oncology)
    • Godbout, Roseline (Department of Oncology)
    • Fu, YangXin (Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Department of Oncology)