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The treatment of oil sands process-affected water by submerged ceramic membrane microfiltration system

  • Author / Creator
    Dong, Shimiao
  • With the rapid expansion of the oil sands exploitation in Northern Alberta over the past decade, oil sands process-affected water (OSPW) management has become a significant issue. In this study, the use of a submerged microfiltration was proposed as a potential process for pretreating OSPW. Suspended solids in OSPW were removed by unmodified ceramic membrane and SiO2 and TiO2 modified ceramic membranes. The direct coagulation-flocculation (CF) and increasing feed water pH successfully reduced fouling of unmodified ceramic membrane. Further studies conducted on surface modified membranes demonstrated that membrane surface charge was the main factor to ceramic membrane fouling behavior. In addition, membrane surface roughness has also shown a significant impact on fouling accumulation. However, the removals of components in OSPW (with more than 93% removal of total suspended solids and less than 15% removal of organics) remained the same in all filtration runs regardless of CF, pH or membrane materials.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2014-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3Z31NX2W
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
  • Specialization
    • Environmental Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Dr. Mohamed Gamal El-Din (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Dr. Yang Liu (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Dr. Mohamed Gamal El-Din (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Dr. Leonidas Perez-Estrada (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Dr. Yang Liu (Civil and Environmental Engineering)