Design, Deployment, Performance and Assessment of Downhole and Near Surface Monitoring Technology for Geological CO2 Storage

  • Author / Creator
    Zambrano Narvaez, Gonzalo
  • Early carbon storage research and development efforts in Canada and elsewhere began with “value-added” projects such as CO2-enhanced oil recovery or CO2 enhanced coalbed methane, where the increase in production helps to offset the costs of CO2 and of its potential long-term storage. These projects provide a valuable opportunity to assess appropriate measurement, monitoring, and verification protocols for the geological storage component of carbon capture and geological storage technologies. Measurement, monitoring, and verification operations provide confidence that CO2 has been injected and stored in an environmentally sound and safe manner. Multiple, integrated monitoring instrumentation systems are being deployed in CO2 field demonstration research projects around the world and will provide experience that can be used in regulatory regimes for future commercial CO2 sequestration scale projects. The Pembina field was chosen from several fields within Alberta, Canada, for a geological CO2 storage monitoring pilot study, in which the injection of CO2 was combined with EOR. As part of the project, an existing wellbore within the study area was used as a dedicated observation well. The design and initial results during cementing of this observation well were reviewed. The experience of implementing monitoring technologies was analyzed in order to assess existing knowledge for deploying downhole instrumentation used for monitoring and verification of CO2 movements in the subsurface. Analysis indicates that the observation well allows direct monitoring and measurements at reservoir level of multiple variables through geophysical, geochemical, and geomechanical instrumentation, as well as the opportunity to carry out wellbore integrity studies under "in-situ" conditions. A postcement job and completion analysis that couples downhole measurements, analytical and numerical simulation was conducted to improve future installations. Downhole pressure gauges captured the dynamics of cement displacement and were key elements during post-cement job review and assessments of future well integrity. This research also include the performance assessment of the surface tiltmeter array, an indirect-nearsurface measurement technology, deployed in CSEMP—a CO2 enhanced coal-bed methane pilot project located also in the Pembina Field. The experience and analyses gained from the installations provide valuable insight for CO2 geological storage monitoring and risk/performance assessment.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    Spring 2012
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Doctor of Philosophy
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
  • Specialization
    • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Wilson, Ward (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Kumar, Amit (Mechanical Engineering)
    • Lawton, Don (Geoscience, University of Calgary)
    • Joseph, Tim (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Scott, J. Don (Civil and Environmental Engineering)