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Protein tyrosine nitration in mast cells
- Author / Creator
- Sekar, Yokananth
Nitric oxide (NO) is a short-lived free radical that plays a critical role in the regulation of cellular signalling. Mast cell (MC) derived NO and exogenous NO regulate MC activities including the inhibition of MC degranulation. At a molecular level the intermediate metabolites of NO modify protein structure and function through several mechanisms including protein tyrosine nitration. To begin to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying the effects of NO in MC, we investigated protein tyrosine nitration in human mast cell lines HMC-1 and LAD2 treated with the NO donor S-nitrosoglutathione (SNOG). Using two dimensional gel western blot analysis with an anti-nitrotyrosine antibody together with mass spectroscopy we identified aldolase A, an enzyme of the glycolytic pathway, as a target for tyrosine nitration in MC.
S-nitrosoglutathione treatment also reduced the Vmax of aldolase in HMC-1 and LAD2. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analysis showed that despite these changes in activity of a critical enzyme in glycolysis, there was no significant change in total cellular ATP content, although the AMP/ATP ratio was altered. Elevated levels of lactate and pyruvate suggested that SNOG treatment enhanced glycolysis. Reduced aldolase activity was associated with increased intracellular levels of its substrate, fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (FBP). Interestingly, FBP inhibited IgE-mediated MC degranulation and intracellular Ca2+ levels in LAD2 cells.
In addition to aldolase, 15-hydroxy prostaglandin dehydrogenase (PGDH), a critical enzyme in the metabolism of PGE2, was identified as a prominent target for tyrosine nitration in LAD2 cells. Thus for the first time we report evidence of protein tyrosine nitration in human MC lines and identify aldolase A as a prominent target in HMC-1 and LAD2; and PGDH in LAD2 cells. The post translational nitration of aldolase A and PGDH may be important pathways that regulate MC phenotype and function.
- Graduation date
- Spring 2011
- Type of Item
- Doctor of Philosophy
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