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Detection of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli Using Loop Mediated Isothermal Amplification

  • Author / Creator
    Allen,Richelle J
  • Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is a worldwide health concern. To detect STEC, a loop mediated isothermal amplification reaction (LAMP) was optimized to detect shiga toxin genes. LAMP’s performance was compared to conventional and real-time (RT) PCR using two product detection methods. All three DNA amplification methods produced similar results. LAMP performed well when tested with randomly selected stool samples. LAMP, with agarose gel detection, showed a sensitivity of 90%/100%, specificity of 95%/99%, a positive predictive value of 56%/89% and a negative predictive value of 99%/100% for stx1 and stx2 respectively. Sybr Green 1 detection had a sensitivity of 100%/100%, specificity of 93%/77%, positive predictive values of 76/39% and negative predictive values of 100/100% for stx1 and stx2 respectively. Per 10 tests LAMP costs approximately $45, when using a rapid lysis DNA extraction and agarose gel electrophoresis product detection. LAMP could be implemented in laboratories without dedicated molecular biology facilities.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2013-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3W08WP6K
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Medical Sciences- Laboratory Medicine and Pathology
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Chui,Linda (Laboratory Medicine and Pathology)
    • Tyrrell,Greg (Laboratory Medicine and Pathology)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • McMullen,Lynn (Agriculture, Life and Environmental Sciences)
    • Chui,Linda (Laboratory Medicine and Pathology)
    • Keelan,Monika (Laboratory Medicine and Pathology)
    • Tyrrell,Greg (Laboratory Medicine and Pathology)