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Hyperspectral remote sensing of boreal forest tree diversity at multiple scales

  • Author / Creator
    DeLancey, Evan R.
  • This research compared the variability/diversity of spectral information captured with spectrometers at the airborne, field, and leaf level to tree species diversity. Airborne measurements were made over the North Saskatchewan River Valley while field and leaf measurements were done with synthetic tree plots on the roof of the Biological Sciences building, University of Alberta. Measures of optical diversity (spectral variables), such as the standard deviation in vegetation indices, principal components, and slope analysis, showed significant correlation to species diversity indices. The strongest correlations (R2: ODI#3 = 0.90, ODI#6 = 0.86) were achieved with linear models using three to five spectral variables, called Optical Diversity Indices (ODIs). Experimental methods found that this correlation was based primarily on variation in leaf optical properties. Additionally, rough canopies increased optical diversity and greater spectral range improved correlations slightly. These findings can help design operational methods for remote assessment of biodiversity based on optical diversity.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2014-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3QB9VD8T
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Gamon, John A. (Earth and Atmospheric Sciences and Biological Sciences)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Rivard, Benoit (Earth and Atmospheric Sciences)
    • Hik, David (Biological Sciences)