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Hippocampal neuroplasticity and neurogenesis in major depressive disorder: a high field MRI study

  • Author / Creator
    Huang, Yushan Yu Xiang
  • The hippocampus is a brain structure responsible for memory, learning, and the stress response; it is also used as a model for major depressive disorder (MDD) in preclinical studies. Preclinical models have shown that the hippocampal subfields are differentially affected by chronic stress. Studies using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have shown reductions in hippocampal volumes MDD. With the high-field 4.7 Tesla MRI, we have for the first time analyzed the hippocampal subfields in vivo in patients with MDD and healthy controls. Our data suggest that MDD patients had smaller volumes of the cornu ammonis (CA) and dentate gyrus (DG) subfields of the hippocampus, which contributed to an overall reduction in the total volume of the hippocampus and its subregions. Our results also suggested that antidepressant treatment might reverse these volumetric reductions in the CA and DG subfields as suggested previously in preclinical studies.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2012-09
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3QM0K
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Centre for Neuroscience
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Baker, Glen (Psychiatry)
    • Malykhin, Nikolai (Biomedical Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Baker, Glen (Psychiatry)
    • Wilman, Alan (Biomedical Engineering)
    • Malykhin, Nikolai (Biomedical Engineering)