The effect of wire alloy on torque expression in metallic self-ligating orthodontic brackets

  • Author / Creator
    Archambault, Amy
  • The objective of this thesis was to identify differences in torque expression between three brands of metallic self-ligating brackets with stainless steel, TMA® and CuNiTi® wire and to compare active and passive designs. 150 of each Damon-3MX (Ormco Inc, Orange, CA, USA), SPEED (Strite Industries, Cambridge, Ontario, Canada) and In-Ovation-R (GAC, Bohemia, NY, USA) brackets were measured for torque expression (Nmm) in an Air-shields Isolette® infant incubator. Torque expression in SPEED and In-Ovation-R brackets began at approximately 7.5° vs. 12° with Damon-3MX. Clinically applicable torque expression (5-20Nmm) was observed from approximately 15-30° in SPEED & In-Ovation-R brackets with stainless steel wire. In Damon-3MX, comparable torsional moments were expressed from 18-30°. With TMA wire, SPEED exerted clinically applicable torsional moments from 18-39°, In-Ovation-R from 21-39° and Damon-3MX from 21-42°. For CuNiTi wire, SPEED expressed torsional moments of 5-20Nmm from 21-72°, In-Ovation-R from 24-63° and Damon-3MX from 27-78°.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
    • Department of Dentistry
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Major, Paul (Dentistry)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Heo, Giseon (Dentistry)
    • Flores-Mir, Carlos (Dentistry)
    • Nobes, David (Mechanical Engineering)
    • Carey, Jason (Mechanical Engineering)