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Investigation of solvent extraction of coal at low temperatures

  • Author / Creator
    Haghighat,Fatemehalsadat
  • Solvent extraction of coal is a method to produce low molecular weight products from coal. It also can be used as a pretreatment for Direct Coal Liquefaction to enhance its efficiency. Yield, rate and nature of coal dissolution at low temperatures (25-150°C) and short contact time have been studied, using a flow micro-reactor. The results show it can be done in less than 15 minutes and the yield is about 7-9%, depending on the temperature. Also it has been observed the solvent to coal ratio has no significant effect on yield as it increases. Extraction of Poplar coal with tetralin at 150°C enhances the porosity of the coal. This knowledge about low temperature extraction was applied to liquefaction at 350°C by performing preheating in different ways. The yield increased as the mean temperature of the temperature profile during preheating was increased.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2013-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R31N7XW1P
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
  • Specialization
    • Chemical Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • De Klerk, Arno (Chemical and materials engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Gupta, Rajender (Chemical and materials engineering)
    • Prasad, Vinay (Chemical and materials engineering)