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Food and nutrition information on social media: A scoping review protocol

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  • ABSTRACT Introduction: Ubiquitous use of the Internet has created a digital food environment in which online communication about food and nutrition is prevalent through varied platforms. Our understanding about the food and nutrition topics on social media or quality of the information communicated is incomplete. The purpose of this protocol is to outline a comprehensive scoping review that synthesizes peer-reviewed evidence about food and nutrition information communicated via social media. Methods and analysis: The scoping review protocol follows Arksey and O’Malley’s five-step framework and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses-Extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) for development and reporting. A comprehensive search strategy, that reflects the interdisciplinary nature of food and nutrition communication on social media, was developed in collaboration with a medical librarian/expert searcher and adapted for eight databases: Prospero, Wiley Cochrane Library, Ovid Embase, Ovid Medline, Ovid PsycInfo, Ovid Eric, EBSCO CINAHL and Scopus. To be included, studies must be original peer-reviewed and be published in English from 2003 and onwards. Data on the social media platform, food and nutrition topics communicated, and study details (population, sample, design, methods) will be extracted from each study and charted in a table. Results will be analyzed with descriptive statistics and qualitatively summarized. Findings are expected to identify the types of available evidence, critical knowledge gaps that will inform future research and practice, social media research methodologies. Policymakers and professionals may use these findings to advocate for responsible and ethical communication of food and nutrition information on social media. Nutrition researchers may use these findings to identify the best practices and methodologies to engage in social media research. Ethics and dissemination: This study required no ethical approval. Findings will be submitted to an international peer-reviewed journal for publication, presented at international conferences, and posted online.

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    Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International