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Behavioural and Environmental Factors Associated with Body Mass Index during Adolescence

  • Author / Creator
    Kamal, Aliaa Fadel
  • The growing prevalence of overweight and obesity in adolescents is of great concern. The objective of this research was to assess the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and individual factors such as: dietary intake, physical activity and sedentary behaviours; and to assess the relationship between BMI and interpersonal factors such as: food availability and encouragement of activity. A web-based survey of physical activity and nutrition (WebSPAN2) was completed by 4360 adolescents in grades 7 to10 in Alberta. Results from this study suggest that gender and grade level contributed significantly to BMI. Insufficient physical activity and extended periods of time spent in sedentary behaviours were the only modifiable risk factors associated with a higher BMI of adolescents. The variable, ‘nutrition beliefs’ was positively associated with BMI. Cohort studies are required to clarify the relative importance of individual and interpersonal factors on BMI during adolescence.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2012-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3MD43
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Agricultural, Food, and Nutritional Science
  • Specialization
    • Nutrition and Metabolism
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Linda McCargar (Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Tanya Berry (Physical Education and Recreation)
    • Anna Farmer (Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)