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Parent-child communication and adolescents’ problem-solving strategies in hypothetical bullying situations

  • Author / Creator
    Gould, Laura Doreen
  • The current study investigated: (a) the types of solutions that students and parents generate in response to hypothetical bullying situations; (b) the effectiveness of the solutions generated; and (c) the effectiveness of strategies when taking into consideration parent-child communication. Two-hundred and twenty-five junior high school students and their parents were required to read four short scripts involving hypothetical bullying dilemmas related to physical, verbal, relational, and cyber bullying, and generate as many solutions as possible to solve each bullying situation. Additionally, participants filled out a parent-child communication questionnaire assessing communication between students and parents. Results revealed that the most common type of solutions provided by both students and parents were help-seeking strategies. The overall effectiveness rating of solutions for students and parents did not significantly differ, but fell slightly below effective. These results suggest that parents and students may not be equipped to effectively cope with bullying situations. Although communication in the family appeared to play a role in the effectiveness of solutions generated, more parental education on bullying and solving bullying dilemmas is needed. Educational recommendations and future research steps will be discussed.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2011-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Education
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R32H6X
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Educational Psychology
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Dr. Christina Rinaldi, Educational Psychology
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Dr. Patricia Boechler, Educational Psychology
    • Dr. Janice Causgrove Dunn, Physical Education and Recreation