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Experimental and theoretical investigation of mass transport in porous media of a PEM fuel cell

  • Author / Creator
    Pant, Lalit M
  • Porous media is an integral part of polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEMFC) electrodes. In this study, an experimental setup is presented to investigate convective and diffusive mass transport in porous media of fuel cell electrodes. A new theoretical model was developed in order to correct for inconsistencies in current models. Based on the new model, a new data extraction technique was used to obtain permeability and Knudsen diffusivity of a porous media from steady state pure convection measurements. The model was also used to obtain effective diffusivity of porous media from mass transport experiments. Using the obtained transport properties, the models were used to predict mass transport in the electrodes under different operating conditions. Preliminary comparisons of experimental and theoretical predictions show that the new mass transport model is capable of predicting mass transport in the electrode accurately. The results concluded that the traditionally used Bruggeman correlation overpredicts the electrode effective diffusivity by as much as 3-4 times.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2011-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3WP5Q
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Mechanical Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Secanell Gallart, Marc (Mechanical Engineering)
    • Mitra, Sushanta K (Mechanical Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Kumar, Amit (Mechanical Engineering)
    • Luo, Jingli (Chemical and Materials Engineering)