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Recovery of Legumes in Northern Temperate Pastures Following the Application of Broadleaf Herbicides

  • Author / Creator
    Miller, Amanda J
  • Field and greenhouse trials were conducted to assess the breakdown of soil residues of two broadleaf herbicide bioactives, aminopyralid and aminocyclopyrachlor, as well as associated legume reestablishment/recovery and pasture sward production dynamics. Greenhouse trials indicated legume seedling germination and emergence was unaffected 15 months-after-treatment (MAT), while field trials showed recovery 24 MAT. Short-term variable dose trials suggest that herbicide rates below recommended rates will not allow legume reestablishment during the growing season of application. Herbicide bioactives were functionally indistinguishable, and legume species of interest, alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) and white clover (Trifolium repens L.), had similar responses to herbicide application. The effects of mowing on legume recovery were dependent on legume identity, with increased density of clover, and neutral effects on alfalfa. Total forage production was unaffected by herbicide application, with increases in biomass noted over the length of the study. Recovery of weedy species (dandelion) was similar to that of legumes, at 22 MAT.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2013-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3610W343
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Agricultural, Food, and Nutritional Science
  • Specialization
    • Rangeland and Wildlife Resources
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Hall, Linda (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Sciences)
    • Bork, Edward (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Sciences)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Hernandez Ramirez, Guillermo (Renewable Resources)