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Gas Separation Membranes Using Cementitious-Zeolite Composite

  • Author / Creator
    Shafie, Amir Hossein
  • Natural zeolite-based membranes have recently shown promise in the separation of H2 from CO2 and hydrocarbons. However, these highly dense, naturally monolithic materials can suffer defects which disrupt the continuity of the zeolite micropores and create leak paths through the membrane. Cement materials were explored as a component to generate mixed-matrix zeolite membranes. The ability for cement to intergrow between the zeolite particles promised to, under proper conditions, provide a smooth non-boundary interface with the zeolite particles and eliminate interparticle voids. The influence of zeolite contents in the composite membranes, operating pressures and temperatures on the performance of the membranes were examined. Gas permeation results show a hydrogen permeance of 4.1 × 10-8 mol.m-2.s-1.Pa-1 a CO2 permeance of 1.6 × 10-9 mol.m-2.s-1.Pa-1 and a H2/CO2 single gas selectivity of 25 were obtained at 25oC and 1 atm. The gas permeance through the clinoptilolite cement composite membrane was dependent on operating temperature, indicating that the permeation through the membrane was an activated diffusion process and that the permeation through the zeolite embedded in the composite membrane was predominant. However, the increase of gas permeation and the corresponding decrease of H2/CO2 selectivity with increasing total pressure are an indication of some defects in the composite membranes. Further research to optimize the membrane preparation conditions and to modify the membrane surface to improve hydrogen permeation and H2/CO2 selectivity is needed.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2012-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3J59Z
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Kuznicki, Steven M. (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Dechaine, Greg (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Lubell, Adam (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Unsworth, Larry D. (Chemical and Materials Engineering)