Internet security governance comparative analysis of country code Top Level Domain (ccTLD) administration

  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
  • Phishing presents a significant security challenge to Internet users, registries and registrars worldwide. The costs of phishing are significant and growing, and the increasing volume of phishing threatens to destroy the fabrics of online transactions. Vulnerabilities in domain registration processes are exploited by phishers leading to distrust for online transactions. These malicious activities are increasing, regardless of the efforts by governments and organizations like IETF, ICANN, and ITU to create policies that regulate the activities of country code Top Level Domains (ccTLD). While Internet security policies abound, the challenge is the effective implementation of these strategic policies to tackle the issues of security and stability of country domains. To study this problem, 33 countries were selected on the basis of relative severity of phishing activities within their country domain as demonstrated by their phishing scores. The paper also examines the state of Internet Security Governance [ISG] in the operational management of these ccTLDs and the Norwegian domain policy model was used to categorize these ccTLDs. The paper argues further on the need to better integrate ISG with domain management by illustrating with the level of phishing activity in ccTLDs of developing countries like Tuvalu and Tokelau. In these ccTLDs the profitability of the registry operation supersedes the security of the domain registered.

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  • Type of Item
    Research Material
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  • License
    Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International