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Comparison of Trenchless Technologies and Open Cut Methods in New Residential Land Development

  • Author / Creator
    Mahsa Ahmadian Nezhad Monfared
  • Nowadays, with the expansion of population in urban areas, development of new residential and commercial areas is essential to meet the needs of this ever-expanding population. Urban water and wastewater systems are fundamental infrastructure in this development, and are very important for high quality of life and strong urban economy. Also, there is growing attention to consider different factors, such as environmental, cost, social impacts, safety and seasonality in the development of infrastructures. It is considered indispensable to improve construction practices and develop infrastructures in ways that considers all above mentioned concerns in urban construction. As the world moves towards providing a better and cleaner environment for future generations, there is an urgent need to quantify and reduce the emission footprints of industries. The construction industry, which consumes a large quantity of fossil fuels, is one of the targeted industries for which researchers aim to evaluate proper alternatives to traditional construction methods in order to reduce these emissions. Underground utility installations, especially in the development of residential communities in urban areas, are one of the largest construction projects across North America and, consequently, one major source of emissions. Moreover, studying cost as essential element is important in the development of underground infrastructure. Project owners and decision makers look for economical methods for installing underground infrastructure and renewing underground utility pipes.This dissertation demonstrates a comparison between the traditional open cut option in underground utility projects and trenchless methods (auger boring and HDD) through two case studies in new residential development area in Edmonton, Alberta, which consists of three main lines: water, sanitary, and storm. The results show that GHG emissions generated from open cut were significantly higher compared to the estimated trenchless alternatives. Also compared to open trench, trenchless techniques are more expensive in Edmonton, Alberta. However, productivity, and constructability of trenchless methods in in cold areas such as Alberta, these technologies would be considerable alternatives to open cut.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    Spring 2018
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3HD7P754
  • License
    Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.