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A Comparative Analysis of Consumer Attitudes Towards Food Safety, Animal Testing and Traceability in the Meat Industry: Japan and Canada Open Access


Other title
Willingness-to-Pay for Traceable, Animal tested and /or both strip loin steak in Japan and Canada,
Latent Class Model
Consumer attitudes towards General Food safety and beef food safety
Consumer Risk Perceptions and Attitudes
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Aubeeluck, Ashwina D
Supervisor and department
Goddard, Ellen (Rural Economy)
Examining committee member and department
Moore, Stephen (AFNS)
Adamowicz, Vic (Rural Economy)
Department of Rural Economy

Date accepted
Graduation date
Master of Science
Degree level
In this research consumers’ attitudes towards general food safety and their perceptions of the safety of beef in Japan and Canada are examined. Risk perceptions, the willingness to pay for beef traceability from farm to final consumer and the willingness to pay for animal testing for bovine spongifrom encephalopothy (BSE) are measured through a stated preference exercise, provided as part of national surveys in each country. Japanese respondents continue to have higher risk attitudes and perceptions about beef than Canadian respondents in 2009 as compared to 2006. In each country survey respondents strongly prefer domestic beef over imports from any other country. However, interest in beef from other countries increases as full traceability, or one hundred % animal testing for BSE or both attributes are incorporated into the markets. The willingness to pay increases at a diminishing rate, from either traceability or BSE animal testing to both attributes. In latent class models the Japanese data suggest that there are three distinct classes of survey respondents, where class 1 respondents are characterized as being more trusting and willing to pay for beef from different countries, class 2 respondents strongly prefer domestic beef and their willingness to pay for imported beef does not increase with traceability or animal testing and class 3 respondents would only be willing to pay for traceable and a combination of traceable and animal tested domestic beef. Similarly, Canadian survey respondents can be segregated into two classes. Class 1 consumers are more trusting and will be willing to pay for both domestic and imported beef. Class 2 consumers are more cautious.
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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