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Channel and frequency offset estimation for OFDM-based systems Open Access


Other title
channel estimation
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Zhang, Wei
Supervisor and department
Dr. Chintha Tellambura (Electrical and Computer Engineering)
Examining committee member and department
Dr. Witold Pedrycz (Electrical and Computer Engineering)
Dr. Hai Jiang (Electrical and Computer Engineering)
Dr. Mike MacGregor (Computing Science)
Dr. Xianbin Wang (University of Western Ontario)
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Date accepted
Graduation date
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) has been employed in several current and future 4-th generation (4G) wireless standards. Frequency offsets in OFDM introduce intercarrier interference (ICI). Channel estimations are also required. This thesis focuses on the channel and frequency offset estimation for OFDM-based systems. For cooperative-relay OFDM with frequency offsets, where inter-relay interference (IRI) exists, channel estimation is developed. Optimal pilot designs are proposed by minimizing the IRI in the mean square error (MSE) of the least square (LS) channel estimation. The impact of frequency offset on the channel estimation accuracy is derived. The pairwise error probability (PEP) with both the frequency offset and channel estimation errors is evaluated. The power allocation is discussed. For multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) OFDM systems, channel and frequency offset estimation errors are investigated. The signal-to-interference-and-noise ratio (SINR) is first analyzed given channel and frequency offset estimation errors. The bit error rate (BER) is then approximated for multiple-antenna reception with maximal ratio combing (MRC) and equal gain combining (EGC). For orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing access (OFDMA) systems, the variance of the frequency offset estimation is derived as a function of SINR and signal-to- noise ratio (SNR). This variance information is exploited to improve the accuracy of frequency offset estimators. A successive interference cancellation (SIC)-based frequency offset estimator is also developed. The accuracy of frequency offset estimation of the OFDMA uplink can also be improved by using the cooperative relaying. Both conventional amplify-and-forward (AF) relays and new decode-and-compensate-and-forward (DcF) relays are studied. The frequency offset estimate is derived from combining different link estimates. In addition, when CSI is available, a scheme is proposed to adaptively switch between the cooperative and conventional (no relaying) transmissions to optimize the frequency offset estimation.
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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