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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3RX34

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Study of bubble-flat surface interactions Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
extraction
bitumen
bubble
oil sands
flotation
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Seyyed Najafi, Aref
Supervisor and department
Jacob Masliyah, Chemical an Materials Engineering
Zhenghe Xu, Chemical an Materials Engineering
Examining committee member and department
Tony Yeung, Chemical an Materials Engineering
Subir Bhattacharjee, Mechanical Engineering
Marek Pawlik, Mining Engineering, University of British Columbia
Department
Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
Specialization

Date accepted
2010-01-15T19:03:23Z
Graduation date
2010-06
Degree
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
Doctoral
Abstract
Canada has the largest known reserve of oil in the world in the form of oil sands: an estimated 1.7 to 2.5 trillion barrels of oil are deposited in combination of the sand, water and clay. The presented research is devoted to bubble-solid surface interaction, which is one of the critical areas of the oil sand processing and it is also a key point for many other processing technologies, such as mineral recovery, froth flotation, soil remediation, de inking of paper, heat transfer in boilers tube, biological and medical sciences. The goal of this work was to investigate new theoretical and practical approaches, which would help in better understanding of fundamentals of the flotation process in oil sands extraction. Among many achievements of this research are: 1) development of the method for generation of a single micro bubble. Dependence of this process on micropipette tip size and inclination, gas type, taper length and other parameters has also been studied (Chapter 3); 2) study of gas bubble - flat surface interactions based on a practical approach of determination of two dynamic parameters, sliding velocity and induction time of a gas bubble. Various types of gas bubbles (CO2, Air, H2, and O2) and collector surfaces (bitumen, treated hydrophobic and hydrophilic silica) were used in sliding velocity and induction time measurements. The sliding velocity of gas bubbles under an inclined collector surface was found to be in a strong dependence of water chemistry, type of gases, temperature, initial separation between bubble and collector surface (Chapter 4); 3) developing an analytical model for predicting bubble sliding velocity based on previously developed models. The model was in a good agreement with experimental results (Chapter 5); 4) establishing a new method for bubble zeta potential measurements. The measurements were in a good agreement with previously studies reported in literature (Chapter 6). Summarized above findings from this research represent valuable advances in understanding oil sands processing. The prospects of future work are provided in Chapter 8.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3RX34
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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File title: development of the method for generation of a single micro bubble. Dependence of this process on micropipette tip size and inclination, gas type, taper length and other parameters has also been studied (Chapter 3);
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