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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3S756S1K

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Clipping and Watering Effects on Caespitose and Rhizomatous Grasses: Implications for Grazing Management Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
Caespitose
Defoliation
Rhizomatous
Grazing
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Broadbent, Tanner S
Supervisor and department
Bork, Edward (Agriculture, Food and Nutritional Science)
Examining committee member and department
Willms, Walter (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada)
Hik, David (Biological Sciences)
Derner, Justin (United States Department of Agriculture)
Naeth, Anne (Renewable Resources)
Cooke, Janice (Biological Sciences)
Department
Department of Agricultural, Food, and Nutritional Science
Specialization
Rangeland and Wildlife Resources
Date accepted
2014-01-02T14:37:36Z
Graduation date
2014-06
Degree
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
Doctoral
Abstract
Recent experimental evidence suggests that rotational grazing, despite strong perceptions to the contrary, does not promote plant community productivity relative to continuous grazing on rangelands. However, clipping studies from tame pastures of Alberta’s Aspen Parkland show clear plant community production benefits and compensatory yielding under defoliation regimes associated with rotational grazing (i.e., high intensity low frequency [HILF] defoliation). Unlike relatively mesic tame pastures that are often dominated by rhizomatous grasses, rangelands are generally semiarid native grasslands with a preponderance of caespitose grasses. This suggests that grass growth form may mediate plant community production potential. This study used a greenhouse and field experiment to compare growth dynamics of phylogenetically similar and co-occuring grasses of contrasting growth form (caespitose vs. rhizomatous) to test (1) whether caespitose grasses, compared to rhizomatous grasses, grow more determinately, and (2) if this in turn constrains compensatory yielding under some combination of defoliation frequency and intensity. Plant community productivity and composition were also assessed. Treatments included variable clipping and watering regimes, and the field experiment encompassed both a mesic lowland and drier upland mixedgrass prairie site. In the greenhouse, compensatory growth occurred in 3 rhizomatous grasses and 1 caespitose grass. However, this was not corroborated by the field experiment, where the caespitose grass (Hesperostipa comata) compensated under HILF defoliation and the rhizomatous grass (Pascopyrum smithii) did not—the opposite was observed in the greenhouse for both grasses. Although defoliation increased plant growth rates, compensatory growth was limited by declining tiller populations, especially in P. smithii. Compensatory yielding within the plant community at the mesic lowland site was similarly limited by declining P. smithii populations because this grass was the dominant contributor to yield. In contrast, compensatory yielding was common at the drier upland site where P. smithii was markedly less dominant. Results suggest that (1) determinate growth is not characteristic of caespitose grasses, but rather (2) compensatory responses depend on plant ability to maintain tiller populations under defoliation. Further, compensatory yielding under HILF defoliation within mixedgrass prairie plant communities may be limited to drier sites where more defoliation tolerant (but less productive) grasses are dominant.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3S756S1K
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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File author: Tanner Broadbent Broadbent
Page count: 298
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