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Three essays on energy efficiency and environmental policies in Canada Open Access


Other title
Home Energy-Efficiency Retrofits
Energy Efficiency
Environmental Policies
Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS)
Price-induced Energy Efficiency Improvements
Alberta CCS Subsidy
Manufacturing Sector
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Gamtessa, Samuel Faye
Supervisor and department
Eckert, Heather (Economics)
Leach, Andrew (School of Business)
Young, Denise (Economics)
Examining committee member and department
Dridi, Chokri (Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology)
Chakravorty, Ujjayant (School of Business and Department of Economics)
Bruneau, Joel (Department of Economics, University of Saskatchewan)
Department of Economics

Date accepted
Graduation date
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
This thesis is organized into five Chapters. In Chapter 1, we provide an introduction. In Chapter 2, we present a study on residential energy efficiency retrofits in Canada. We describe the EnerGuide for Houses data and model household decisions to invest in energy-efficiency retrofits. Our results show that government financial incentives have important positive effects. The decision to invest in energy-efficiency retrofits is positively related to potential energy cost savings and negatively related to the costs of the retrofits. We find that household characteristics such as the age composition of household members are important factors. All else remaining constant, low income households are more likely to undertake energy-efficiency retrofits. In the third Chapter, we present our study on price-induced energy efficiency improvements in Canadian manufacturing. Our study employs a new approach to the estimation of price-induced energy efficiency improvements and the results have important empirical and policy implications. In the fourth chapter, we present our study on the implications of the “shale gas revolution” on Alberta greenhouse gas emission abatement strategy. Given that the strategy is centered on deployment of CCS technologies, we analyze the effects of the declines in natural gas price on CCS deployment in the electricity sector. We use the CIMS simulation model to simulate various policy scenarios under high and low natural gas price assumptions. Comparison of the results shows that CCS market penetration in the electricity sector is very minimal in the low natural gas price scenario even when a 50% cost subsidy is applied. Accordingly, there is little gain from subsidizing CCS given the “shale gas revolution.” We provide a few concluding remarks in Chapter 5.
License granted by Samuel Gamtessa ( on 2011-09-21T15:52:13Z (GMT): Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of the above terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis, and except as herein provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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File title: Three Essays on Energy Efficiency and Environmental Policies in Canada
File author: Samuel Faye Gamtessa
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