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Superfluidity near localization: supersolid and superglass Open Access


Other title
superfluidity, supersolidity, superglass, disorder, helium film, optical lattice
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Dang, Long
Supervisor and department
Massimo Boninsegni (Physics)
Examining committee member and department
Craig Heinke, Physics)
Alex Brown (Chemistry)
Kevin Beach (Physics)
Mauricio Sacchi (Physics)
Mona Berciu (Physics), University of British Columbia
Department of Physics

Date accepted
Graduation date
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
The main theme of this thesis is the interplay between superfluidity and localization, in a system of strongly correlated Bose particles. Driving this investigation is the search for yet unobserved phases of matter, such as the so-called supersolid. Using state-of-the- art, numerically exact computer simulations, we have carried out an extensive theoretical investigation of the effects of long-range interactions, inhomogeneity, disorder and frustration in a simple model of lattice Bosons. In particular, we explore the scenario of vacancy- and interstitial-based supersolid phases of hard core bosons on a square lattice, interacting repulsively via a nearest-neighbour and next-nearest neighbour potential. Secondly, in an attempt to model the physics of a layer of helium adsorbed on a corrugated substrate, an additional superlattice of the absorption sites is imposed to the system of hard core bosons, and the resulting low temperature phase diagram is studied. Finally, the possibility of actually inducing by disorder superfluidity (superglass) in a system that does not display it in the absence of disorder is demonstrated. The quantitative and qual- itative predictions at which we have arrived appear to be at least in principle testable experimentally, for example by performing measurements on ultracold atoms in optical lattices.
License granted by Long Dang ( on 2010-05-14T21:00:52Z (GMT): Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of the above terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis, and except as herein provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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