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The CANLEX Project - Summary and Conclusions Open Access


Author or creator
Robertson, P. K.
Wride, C. E.
List, B. R.
Atukorala, U.
Biggar, K. W.
Byrne, P. M.
Campanella, R. G.
Cathro, D. C.
Chan, D. H.
Czajewski, K.
Finn, W. D. L.
Gu, W. H.
Hammamji, Y.
Hofmann, B. A.
Howie, J. A.
Hughes, J.
Imrie, A. S.
Konrad, J. M.
Kupper, A.
Law, T.
Lord, E. R. F.
Monahan, P. A.
Morgenstern, N. R.
Phillips, R.
Piche, R.
Plewes, H. D.
Scott, D.
Sego, D. C.
Sokowicz, J.
Stewart, R. A.
Tan, S.
Vaid, Y. P.
Watts, B. D.
Woeller, D. J.
Youd, T. L.
Zavodni, Z.
Additional contributors
Flow liquefaction
Cyclic softening
Type of item
Journal Article (Published)
Abstract: The Canadian geotechnical engineering community has completed a major collaborative 5 year research project entitled the Canadian Liquefaction Experiment (CANLEX). The main objective of the project was to study the phenomenon of soil liquefaction, which can occur in saturated sandy soils and is characterized by a large loss of strength or stiffness resulting in substantial deformations. The intent of this paper is to compare, interpret, and summarize the large amount of field and laboratory data obtained for six sites in Western Canada as part of the CANLEX project. The sites are compared in terms of both flow-liquefaction and cyclic-softening considerations. The paper presents a number of conclusions drawn from the project as a whole, in terms of both fundamental and practical significance.
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License information
© 2000 NRC Research Press (Canadian Science Publishing). This version of this article is open access and can be downloaded and shared. The original author(s) and source must be cited.
Citation for previous publication
Robertson, P., Wride, C.E., List, B.R., Atukorala, U., Biggar, K.W., Byrne, P.M., Campanella, R.G., Cathro, D.C., Chan, D.H., Czajewski, K., Finn, W.D.L., Gu, W.H., Hammamji, Y., Hofmann, B.A., Howie, J.A., Hughes, J., Imrie, A.S., Konrad, J.M., Kupper, A., Law, T., Lord, E.R.F., Monahan, P.A., Morgenstern, N.R., Phillips, R., Piche, R., Plewes, H.D., Scott, D., Sego, D.C., Sobkowicz, J., Stewart, R.A., Tan, S., Vaid, Y.P., Watts, B.D., Woeller, D.J., Youd, T.L., and Zavodni, Z. (2000). The CANLEX project: summary and conclusions. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 37, 563-591. DOI: 10.1139/cgj-37-3-563.
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