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Dietary adherence and food acceptability among individuals with type 2 diabetes Open Access


Other title
Food Acceptability
Dietary Adherence
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Durai Raj, Gayathiri Devi
Supervisor and department
Rhonda Bell (Department of Agricultural, Food, and Nutritional sciences)
Cathy Chan (Department of Agricultural, Food, and Nutritional Sciences)
Examining committee member and department
Sven Anders (Department of Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology)
Department of Agricultural, Food, and Nutritional Science
Nutrition and Metabolism
Date accepted
Graduation date
Master of Science
Degree level
This cross-sectional study of 80 type 2 diabetes patients examined adherence to and food acceptability of current Canadian diet recommendations and their association with hemoglobin A1c using uni- and multivariate analysis. Socio-demographic, perceived dietary adherence and food acceptability information was collected using questionnaires and a 3-day food record to measure actual adherence. Average intakes of saturated fat and sodium were above the recommendations. Diet acceptability in terms of choosing to buy and cook, and enjoyment of eating recommended foods was generally good. However after diagnosis of diabetes decreased enjoyment in dining away from home, lower consumption of ethnic foods and changes in frequency of eating certain foods were reported. Dietary adherence and better food acceptability was associated with lower A1c levels. Focusing on reducing sugar, fat and sodium intakes and incorporating culturally appropriate foods would help to improve adherence.
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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