Design of Macromolecular Anti-cancer Drug Delivery Systems using Molecular Dynamics Simulation Open Access
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University of Alberta
- Author or creator
- Supervisor and department
Choi, Phillip (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
Jamali, Fakhreddin (Pharmacy)
- Examining committee member and department
Yeung, Tony (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
Sauvageau, Dominic (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
Amsden, Brian (Chemical Engineering Queens University)
Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
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- Graduation date
Doctor of Philosophy
- Degree level
In recent years, the application of self-associating block copolymer based drug delivery systems has attracted increasing attention as nano-sized carriers for the encapsulation and the controlled delivery of water insoluble drugs. Most of the drug formulations are based on the “trial and error” method with no specific library of polymer and drug combination. This is simply because in the context of drug formulation and drug delivery from polymeric micelles, many factors are necessary to study such as drug-polymer intermolecular interactions, release kinetics, polymer compatibility with human cells, etc. Computer simulation that can help design such polymeric drug delivery systems will enable researchers to make educated decisions on choosing a particular polymeric carrier for a given drug, avoiding time consuming and expensive trial and error based formulation experiments.
In the present thesis, we reported the use of molecular dynamics (MD) simulation to calculate the self-diffusion coefficients of a hydrophobic drug molecule in a series of micelle-forming PEO-b-PCL block copolymers with different structures and PCL block lengths in the presence of water molecules. MD analysis techniques like velocity auto-correlation functions, and squared displacement values along x, y and z axis provided useful atomistic details to understand the molecular origin of the diffusivity observed for drug molecules. Based on the evidence of reported work, intermolecular specific interactions between drug and different blocks of block copolymers all play important roles in the self-diffusion of drug molecule (CuB) in block copolymers. Additionally, water concentration, polymer swelling and wriggling motion of polymer chains affect the diffusivity of water molecules. The computed radius of gyration (Rg) of the PCL block confirmed that the PCL block tends to exhibit a higher degree of swelling than the PEO block. The understanding of relative contributions of the inter molecular interactions between drug and polymer can help us to customize the performance of drug carriers by engineering the structure of block copolymers to achieve a desired drug self-diffusion.
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