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“I’ve never been in a program after school”: a participatory action research approach to sports-based ‘critical hours’ programs Open Access


Other title
after school program
participatory action research
physical activity
fundamental movement skills
critical hours
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Tink, Lisa Nicole
Supervisor and department
McHugh, Tara-Leigh (Physical Education and Recreation)
Examining committee member and department
Spencer-Cavaliere, Nancy (Physical Education and Recreation)
Hickson, Clive (Education)
Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation

Date accepted
Graduation date
Master of Arts
Degree level
Accessible extracurricular programs have the potential to increase levels of physical activity after school (Weschsler et al., 2000). Using Participatory Action Research (PAR) the purpose of this study was to develop, implement, and evaluate a ‘critical hours’ sports-based program for students living in low-income areas of Edmonton, Alberta. The research took place in two schools and semi-structured interviews were conducted with 28 program participants and 19 stakeholders. The five themes that emerged were: 1) “I Play Those Games Nowhere Else,” 2) “Just General Life Skills,” 3) “How We Fit in the Whole Picture,” 4) “It’s Not Always Financial,” and 5) “Plan for it Long Term.” Findings from this research provide support for the need for ‘critical hours’ programs. Furthermore, this research is a practical example of how meaningful partnerships can lead to action at the individual, school, and community level.
License granted by Lisa Tink ( on 2011-09-22T16:41:48Z (GMT): Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of the above terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis, and except as herein provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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