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Design of an Orthodontic Torque Simulator for Measurement of Bracket Deformation Open Access


Author or creator
Melenka, Garrett W.
Nobes, David S.
Major, Paul W.
Carey, Jason P.
Additional contributors
Contact-free optical displacement measurement
Orthodontic bracket
Digital image correlation
Type of item
Journal Article (Published)
The design and testing of an orthodontic torque simulator that reproduces the effect of archwire rotation on orthodontic brackets is described. This unique device is capable of simultaneously measuring the deformation and loads applied to an orthodontic bracket due to archwire rotation. Archwire rotation is used by orthodontists to correct the inclination of teeth within the mouth. This orthodontic torque simulator will provide knowledge of the deformation and loads applied to orthodontic bracket that will aide clinicians by describing the effect of archwire rotation on brackets. This will also impact that design on new archwire\bracket systems by providing an assessment of performance. Deformation of the orthodontic bracket tie wings is measured using a digital image correlation process to measure elastic and plastic deformation. The magnitude of force and moments applied to the bracket though the archwire is also measured using a six-axis load cell. Initial tests have been performed on two orthodontic brackets of varying geometry to demonstrate the measurement capability of the orthodontic torque simulator. The demonstration experiment shows that a Damon Q bracket had a final plastic deformation after a single loading of 0.022 mm while the Speed bracket deformed 0.071 mm. This indicates that the Speed bracket plastically deforms 3.2 times more than the Damon Q bracket for similar magnitude of applied moment. The demonstration experiment demonstrates that bracket geometry affect the deformation of orthodontic brackets and this difference can be detected using the orthodontic torque simulator.
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© 2013 Melenka, G.W., Nobes, D.S., Major, P.W., & Carey, J.P. This version of this article is open access and can be downloaded and shared. The original author(s) and source must be cited.

Citation for previous publication
Melenka, Garrett W., Nobes, David S., Major, Paul W., & Carey, Jason P. (2013). Design of an Orthodontic Torque Simulator for Measurement of Bracket Deformation. Sensing and Imaging, 14(3), 57-80.


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