ERA

Download the full-sized PDF of Evaluation of New Herbicide Options for the Control of Foxtail Barley (Hordeum jubatum) in Spring WheatDownload the full-sized PDF

Analytics

Share

Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3571824B

Download

Export to: EndNote  |  Zotero  |  Mendeley

Communities

This file is in the following communities:

Graduate Studies and Research, Faculty of

Collections

This file is in the following collections:

Theses and Dissertations

Evaluation of New Herbicide Options for the Control of Foxtail Barley (Hordeum jubatum) in Spring Wheat Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
glyphosate
Hordeum jubatum
seedling recruitment
propoxycarbazone-sodium
foxtail barley
pyroxasulfone
herbicide
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Vercaigne, Mathew
Supervisor and department
Hall, Linda (AFNS)
Examining committee member and department
Carlyle, Cameron (AFNS)
Beckie, Hugh (Adjunct Prof- AAFC Saskatoon)
Grant, Robert (RENR)
Harker, Neil (AAFC Lacombe)
Department
Department of Agricultural, Food, and Nutritional Science
Specialization
Plant Science
Date accepted
2017-09-08T13:43:09Z
Graduation date
2017-11:Fall 2017
Degree
Master of Science
Degree level
Master's
Abstract
Foxtail barley (Hordeum jubatum) is a perennial grass increasing in prevalence in western Canadian cereal fields. Seedling, over-wintering-juvenile and mature stages makes herbicide timing and selection challenging for producers. Field experiments were conducted at six sites over two years to characterize the response of established seedling and mature foxtail barley populations to combinations of short residual herbicides applied PRE and POST seeding with glyphosate. Experiment one evaluated PRE short residual herbicides: Propoxycarbazone-sodium (2), flucarbazone-sodium/tribenuron and pyroxasulfone at rates of 7.5, 10, 21.79 and 150 g ai ha-1 respectively, tank-mixed with glyphosate at 450 and 900 g ae ha-1. Experiment two evaluated combinations of propoxycarbazone, flucarbazone/tribenuron and pyroxasulfone with the high rate of glyphosate followed by a POST application of thiencarbazone-methyl at 4.94 g ai ha-1. Foxtail barley seedling and mature populations varied among sites, Scott having the highest mature population at 76 mature plants m-2, while St. Albert had the highest seedling population at 81 seedlings m-2. Visual control, seedling emergence density, foxtail barley biomass, wheat biomass and wheat seed yield were quantified. Herbicides applied pre-seeding in the absence of glyphosate failed to control mature foxtail barley. However, propoxycarbazone at 10 g ai ha-1, flucarbazone/tribenuron and pyroxasulfone applied in combination with the high rate of glyphosate increased control to 73.9%, 72.1% and 74.4% at Lethbridge 2016, Olds and Scott, respectively. Moreover, at Lethbridge 2015, Vermilion and St. Albert control increased to 90.4%, 90.8% and 89.3%, respectively. Pyroxasulfone tank-mixed with the high and low rate of glyphosate reduced foxtail barley seedling emergence compared to rates of glyphosate applied alone (29 to 4 seedlings m-2). Glyphosate at both rates applied with and without residual herbicides reduced foxtail barley biomass compared to the non-treated check. However, the high rate of glyphosate did not significantly reduce foxtail barley biomass more than the low rate (49.91 to 27.45 g m-2). The addition of residual herbicides to the high rate of glyphosate did not increase wheat biomass or seed yield. Tank-mixing propoxycarbazone at 10 g ai ha-1 with the high rate of glyphosate followed by thiencarbazone reduced foxtail barely biomass compared to the high rate of glyphosate applied alone (28.67 to 4.53 g m-2). Seedling emergence was observed over an extended period in spring and post-harvest, suggesting that both pre-seeding and post-emergent control timings along with a multi-year strategy may be required to reduce future foxtail barley populations. This research indicates that by adding a short-residual soil applied herbicide to glyphosate at a pre-seeding timing, followed by a post-emergent herbicide application, producers can control foxtail barley for the growing season in spring wheat.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3571824B
Rights
This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private, scholarly or scientific research. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
Citation for previous publication

File Details

Date Uploaded
Date Modified
2017-09-08T19:43:09.907+00:00
Audit Status
Audits have not yet been run on this file.
Characterization
File format: pdf (PDF/A)
Mime type: application/pdf
File size: 3423020
Last modified: 2017:11:08 18:04:47-07:00
Filename: Vercaigne_Mathew_P_2017_MSc.pdf
Original checksum: 5fe35fbb2c8140e61f999fb585b39d9e
Activity of users you follow
User Activity Date