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A Multiorbital DMFT Analysis of the Dynamic Hubbard Model Open Access


Other title
Hubbard Model
Dynamic Hubbard Model
Orbital Selective Mott Transition
Multiorbital Lattices
Strongly Correlated Electron Systems
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Polachic, Christopher J A
Supervisor and department
Marsiglio, Frank (Physics)
Examining committee member and department
Sydora, Richard (Physics)
Beamish, John (Physics)
Maciejko, Joseph (Physics)
Jarrell, Mark (Physics & Astronomy, Louisiana State University)
Department of Physics

Date accepted
Graduation date
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
The conventional, single band Hubbard model captures the dynamics that arise in strongly correlated electron systems in the competition between electron transport and local Coulomb interactions. However, some of the important physics of real lattices is overlooked by its simplicity. The dynamic Hubbard model (DHM) provides additional degrees of freedom for electron states in a lattice by including a higher energy orbital and hybridization parameters for electrons to take advantage of a reduced Coulomb repulsion in the upper orbital when the lattice is at half-filling. This ``relaxation'' of the electronic state is accompanied by an asymmetry between electron and hole quasiparticles in the model. In this thesis we employ the computational tool of multiorbital dynamical mean field theory (MODMFT) to study electron-hole asymmetry in the DHM as evidenced in the behaviour of the quasiparticle weight and optical conductivity of electrons. In agreement with previous exact diagonalization work on the DHM, we find that the relaxation of electronic states is associated with quasiparticle dressing in the hole regime of the lower orbital, and a transfer of optical conductivity spectral weight from low to high frequencies. These observations are evidences of the electron-hole asymmetry in the two-orbital system. In this context, we evaluate the role of two critical variables in the DHM: the local and nonlocal hybridizations which parameterize interorbital electron transitions in the Hamiltonian. We demonstrate that the electron-hole asymmetry of the model has a more complex relationship to these hybridization parameters than previously identified. Mott physics plays an essential role in the quasiparticle dressing due to the local hybridization, while the nonlocal hybridization promotes electron-hole asymmetry by providing a separate channel for electron transport which serves to reduce the quasiparticle weight of holes in the lower band. We also briefly examine the phenomenon of orbital selective Mott transitions in the DHM within the parameter regime of electron state relaxation, and evaluate the role played by the hybridization parameters in this context.
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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