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Surface and Borehole Seismic Images at the International Continental Drilling Program Outokumpu Borehole: Implications for Reflectivity of the Crystalline Crust Open Access


Other title
Seismic reflection exploration
Hard rocks
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Duo, Xuefeng
Supervisor and department
Examining committee member and department
Department of Physics

Date accepted
Graduation date
Master of Science
Degree level
The study area, Outokumpu, is a hard rock area and it is well known for its unconventional Precambrian massive Cu-Co-Zn sulphide deposits (~1.97 Ga) which were discovered in 1910. This study was conducted to understand the seismic reflection characteristic in hard rock environment in Outokumpu, Finland. The geophysical techniques involved data processing for two 2D surface seismic lines and a vertical seismic profiling data, generating synthetic seismogram, and joint interpretation of seismic reflection. Due to the complex physical properties in hard rock area, special attention paid in data processing includes the definition of geometries, preserving the high-frequency information, noise suppression and deconvolution. These efforts provided high resolution seismic results. The subsurface structure of Outokumpu-type assemblage is observed. Moreover, there is a remarkable consistency between seismic surface results and the VSP result.
License granted by Xuefeng Duo ( on 2011-09-26T16:47:36Z (GMT): Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of the above terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis, and except as herein provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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