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Dietary assessment of First Nations elementary school children Open Access


Other title
Dietary assesment tools
Dietary intake
First Nation school children
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Macias-Berumen, Daniela I
Supervisor and department
Noreen Willows (Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)
Anna Farmer (Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science and the Centre for Health Promotion Studies)
Examining committee member and department
Brenda Parlee (Faculty of Native Studies and Department of Resource Economics & Environmental Sociology).
Geoff Ball (Department of Pediatrics)
Department of Agricultural, Food, and Nutritional Science
Nutrition & Metabolism
Date accepted
Graduation date
Master of Science
Degree level
The prevalence of child overweight/obesity in Canada has increased over the last 25 years. The prevalence is 2-3 times higher in Aboriginal compared to non-Aboriginal children. Some dietary behaviors are directly associated with obesity. The consumption of vegetables and fruit, milk, and traditional Aboriginal food is associated with healthier weights. The goals of this study were to refine two dietary assessment tools and employ them to determine the dietary intakes of First Nation children living in a community in central Alberta. Children in this study (n=28) presented high levels of both overweight/obesity (63%) and abdominal obesity (26%). Consumption of vegetables and fruits, and milk were below the daily recommendations according to “Eating Well with Canada’s Food Guide”. Few children ate traditional foods. In contrast, intakes of foods that should be limited were much higher than recommendations. Information from this study will serve to tailor future interventions to improve healthy dietary practices in Aboriginal school children.
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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