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Results for "supervisors_tesim:"Willoughby, Pamela (Anthropology)""
Objects of personal adornment are among the earliest signs of modern human behaviour. The first standardized ornamental artifacts in Africa are ostrich eggshell (OES) beads. Their use can be traced to at least 50,000 years ago, and they are present at many archaeological sites from the later...
The Evolution of Technological Behaviour: An Analysis of Lithic Artifacts from the Magubike Archaeological Site, TanzaniaDownload
Most Palaeolithic archaeologists now believe that a series of advancements in the behavioural and cultural complexity of early Homo sapiens occurred during the Middle and Later Stone Age in Africa. However, a lack of uninterrupted archaeological sequences has made it difficult to identify the...
In this dissertation, I examine the representation of projectile points in the Middle Stone Age (MSA) and Later Stone Age (LSA) of Tanzania, and the way in which such tools were used over time and space. This study reviews the different strategies used to produce points during the MSA and LSA. It...
Characterization of Middle and Later Stone Age lithic artifacts from two rockshelter sites in Iringa Region, southern TanzaniaDownload
Stone tools have a critical role to play in our understanding of the behavior of early humans. In particular, the types of raw materials that are present in stone tool assemblages, and the sources from which they are acquired, provide information relating to decision making processes, planning,...
The Mlambalasi Rock Shelter in the Iringa Region of southern Tanzania has a rich archaeological record that spans the Later Stone Age (LSA), Iron Age, and historic period. Excavations in 2002, 2006, and 2010 yielded fragmentary, commingled human remains from at least four individuals. There are...
The use of stone during the Middle Stone Age at Magubike Rockshelter, Tanzania: an examination of economy and functionDownload
This dissertation is primarily an examination of the ways in which Middle Stone Age (MSA) hunter-gatherers from Magubike Rockshelter, Iringa Region, Tanzania, acquired, prioritized, transformed, and used stone as tools. The results of several analyses detailed within indicate that MSA peoples in...
Middle Stone Age Hominin Foraging Ecology in Tanzania: An Archaeozoological Study of the Loiyangalani Open-Air Site and Magubike RockshelterDownload
The nature of Middle Stone Age (MSA) hominin foraging ecology in Africa is still hotly debated. In particular, MSA people have been portrayed as ineffective hunters of large-sized, prime-adults, and dangerous animals. They are rather seen as passive scavengers of carnivore-defleshed carcasses...
An initial zooarchaeological analysis of Magubike and Mlambalasi: Two archaeological sites from the Iringa region of Southern TanzaniaDownload
The current study consists of a preliminary analysis of the faunal materials recovered from test pit excavations at Magubike (HxJf-01) and Mlambalasi (HwJf-02), two archaeological sites in the Iringa district of Tanzania. Both sites contain faunal materials from the Iron Age, Later Stone Age and...
Ostrich eggshell (OES) beads are the first kind of ornaments in human history to be mass-produced, and they exhibit variations that simulate cultural boundaries. Previous research into the stylistic variation of OES beads identified the importance of bead diameter in assemblages from southern...