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- 1Alibhai, A.
- 1Azarmi, Shirzad
- 1Eisenbeis, Lisa M
- 1Franco-Villalobos, Conrado
- 1Jhangri, G. S.
- 1Kipp, W.
Aims: This study aims to 1) provide a platform to discuss and document one First Nations community’s experiences and impacts of tuberculosis (TB); and 2) to understand the social context occurring within the community which may promote continual disease transmission. Methods: This...
Clinical, Laboratory and Treatment Outcome Characteristics of Foreign-Born Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients in Alberta by Immigration Status, 2004-2013Download
Canada is a low TB incidence country, with a rate of 4.4 per 100,000 in 2014. Despite this low incidence rate, TB affects certain groups disproportionately, most notably foreign-born persons from high incidence countries and Indigenous peoples. This study compares clinical, laboratory, and...
Comparing contact investigations of tuberculosis cases among the Canadian Born Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal population in Alberta, CanadaDownload
It is well established that the rates of tuberculosis (TB) among Aboriginal Peoples in Alberta are disproportionately higher than those in the Canadian-born 'other' population group (Jensen, Lau, Langlois-Klassen, et al., 2012). In addition, Aboriginal Peoples living on-reserve have higher rates...
The current status of the disease of tuberculosis (TB) demands a rapid, simple and inexpensive point-of-care detection. This study reported the designing of an enzyme linked immunoassay that could detect the antigen lipoarabinomannan (LAM), found to be present in different body fluids of the...
Identification of Shared and Distinct Gene-disease Associations Among Multiple Related Diseases and Multiple Subtypes of a DiseaseDownload
Genome-wide association study (GWAS) is an approach with high-throughput genotyping to uncover genetic susceptibilities of complex diseases. However, the genetic susceptibilities discovered usually carry very small risk increments. Additionally, the current approach to assess whether these...
Tuberculosis (TB) infection in the elderly is frequently misdiagnosed. The resulting treatment delay may increase TB transmission which is higher in long-term care (LTC) facilities. The CDC's recommendations to prevent and control TB in LTC facilities include TB education and better initial...
The threat of Tuberculosis(TB) cannot be considered in isolation from the HIV/AIDS epidemic. This study assessed knowledge and stigma surrounding TB and HIV co-infection in Kabarole district, Uganda. This cross-sectional mixed methods study used a multi stage survey design (n=360) and focus...
Tuberculosis (TB) incidence in the Indigenous people of Canada continues to be disproportionately higher than that of the non-Indigenous and foreign-born people. For more than a decade, the rate of TB in the Indigenous people of Canada has remained relatively constant despite recent population...
The Effectiveness of Tuberculosis Control Strategies that Target Social Determinants of Health in Three First Nations and Métis Communities: A Mathematical Modeling ApproachDownload
BACKGROUND: Despite the overall decline in tuberculosis (TB) incidence in Canada, rates among Indigenous peoples have not decreased since the late 1990s. On-going transmission associated with the time from the onset of symptoms to treatment have been identified as major contributor to the...