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We introduce a new methodology that allows the construction of wave frequency distributions due to growing incoherent whistler-mode waves in the magnetosphere. The technique combines the equations of geometric optics (i.e., raytracing) with the equation of transfer of radiation in an anisotropic...
Electromagnetic Ion Cyclotron (EMIC) waves are believed to play an important role in the dynamics of energetic particles (both electrons and ions) trapped by the Earths magnetic field causing them to precipitate into the ionosphere via resonant interaction. In order to incorporate the...