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The introduction of WNV into North America in 1999 was followed by rapid spread throughout the continent. Today, WNV is an endemic pathogen in the west, with thousands of cases of severe infection reported annually. In addition to traditional vaccine research, there is an urgent need to...
Distinct Roles of Class 1 PI3K Isoforms in the Regulation of Beta Cell Exocytosis and Insulin SecretionDownload
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is characterized by peripheral insulin resistance and an insufficiency of insulin secretion from the pancreatic beta cell. The incidence of T2D is rising worldwide at an alarming rate. An increase in population growth, increased prevalence of obesity, and an aging population...
AKT inhibits apoptosis and stimulates cap-dependent translation by phosphorylating key downstream cellular proteins. Many viruses therefore activate the PI3-kinase-AKT signaling pathway to promote cell survival and viral protein synthesis. HSV-1 activates AKT during lytic infection and the...
Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) is a broad term for a range of diseases that usually manifest with rapid failure of the affected organ. Although different in etiology, these diseases share a common pattern of injury originating in the vascular endothelium. In turn, the injured vasculature...
Investigating the role of G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling as a potential target for anti-angiogenic therapyDownload
Angiogenesis is an essential process for normal growth and development whereby new blood vessels are formed from pre-existing ones. The balance between pro-angiogenic and anti-angiogenic growth factors is critical to maintain normal physiological condition. Prolonged activation of angiogenesis...
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, while ischemic heart disease (IHD) dominates the cause of CVD mortality. Following myocardial infarction (MI), the heart experiences a series of structural and functional changes, termed post-infarction...
The traditional PI3K pathway relies on agonist mediated stimulation of PI3Kα through RTKs and PI3Kγ through GPCRs, which stimulate downstream enzymes such as Akt. This pathway has been found to be important in cardiomyocytes and cardiofibroblasts for regulating cardiac morphology and function....