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Buridan was a brilliant logician and, thanks to his many students who spread his teachings and writings throughout universities in Italy and central Europe, one of the most influential interpreters of Aristotle in the later MA. His logical masterwork, the Summulae de Dialectica, is a...
Nominalists, it is said, are defined by their opposition to the needless multiplication of entities. For most fourteenth-century nominalists, parsimony was in the first instance a logico-semantic matter, raising the question of how one should explain the truth conditions of sentences without...