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Fungal pathogens are recognized by Dectin-1, a pattern recognition receptor expressed on mammalian innate immune cells. Dectin-1 detects β-glucans, which are polymers of glucose that are a main component of the fungal cell wall. While purified, soluble β-glucans have been used in the clinic as...
West Nile virus (WNV) is a neurotropic, blood-borne flavivirus that can cause serious neurological disease in humans and animals. While significant progress has been made in identifying virus-encoded pathogenic determinants, very little is known regarding how these viral proteins interact with...
The plasma membrane is a dynamic lipid bilayer that surrounds the cell, embedded with different plasma membrane proteins, aiding communication between the inside and outside of the cells. Its functions are achieved through an intricate organization of lipid-lipid, lipid-protein and...
Protein prenylation is the post-translational addition of isoprenoid lipid moieties to proteins, which regulates their subcellular localization and function. Farnesyl or geranylgeranyl isoprenoids are covalently linked to cysteines residues in a C-terminal prenylation recognition sequence in...