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- 3Field, Catherine J.
- 2Ametaj, Burim N.
- 2Dervishi, Elda
- 2Hailemariam, Dagnachew
- 2Proctor, Spencer D.
- 2Ruth, Megan R.
- 16Graduate Studies and Research, Faculty of
- 16Graduate Studies and Research, Faculty of/Theses and Dissertations
- 9Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, Department of
- 9Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, Department of/Journal Articles (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)
- 2Biological Sciences, Department of
- 2Biological Sciences, Department of/Journal Articles (Biological Sciences)
- 4Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology
- 4Department of Surgery
- 2Department of Medicine
- 1Department of Cell Biology
- 1Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
- 1Department of Immunology
Autotaxin (ATX) is a secreted enzyme, which produces extracellular lysophosphatidate (LPA) from lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC). LPA activates six G protein-coupled receptors and this is essential for vasculogenesis during embryonic development. ATX is also involved in wound healing and...
The objectives of this study were to evaluate metabolic and innate immunity alterations in the blood of transition dairy cows before, during, and after diagnosis of lameness during periparturient period. Blood samples were collected from the coccygeal vain once per week before morning feeding...
Transcriptomic and epigenetic profiling of the lung of influenza-infected pigs: A comparison of different birth weight and Susceptibility groupsDownload
Influenza viruses are a common cause of respiratory disease in swine. Infections range in severity from asymptomatic to causing significant morbidity. The main objective of this study was to compare lung transcriptomic and epigenetic responses to influenza infection in pigs from high or low birth...
Virus Induced Asthma Exacerbations: Immunologic Mechanisms and Metabolomic Biomarkers
Asthma is a complex multifaceted chronic inflammatory disease that is characterized clinically by reversible airflow obstruction, shortness of breath, coughing, and wheezing. Asthma is the most common chronic disease in children, and is differentiated into many phenotypes with multiple triggers....
This thesis examines the pathophysiology of asthma, attempts to determine the cellular mechanisms behind viral-induced immune memory mediated asthma exacerbations, and investigates urinary metabolomic biomarkers of asthma and neonatal hypoxia.
The introduction of WNV into North America in 1999 was followed by rapid spread throughout the continent. Today, WNV is an endemic pathogen in the west, with thousands of cases of severe infection reported annually. In addition to traditional vaccine research, there is an urgent need to...
Birth Weight, Intrauterine Growth Retardation and Fetal Susceptibility to Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome VirusDownload
The severity of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome was compared in pregnant gilts originating from high and low birth weight litters. One-hundred and eleven pregnant gilts experimentally infected with porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus on gestation day 85 (±1) were...
The Role of Vitamin D in Anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha-Induced Response in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel DiseaseDownload
Vitamin D is an important immunomodulator of the immune system and has been suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Drugs targeting TNF-alpha are effective IBD therapies, and vitamin D has been demonstrated to suppress TNF-alpha as well as work...
Campylobacter jejuni colonization is associated with a dysbiosis in the cecal microbiota of mice in the absence of prominent inflammationDownload
Background Campylobacter jejuni causes enterocolitis in humans, but does not incite disease in asymptomatic carrier animals. To survive in the intestine, C. jejuni must successfully compete with the microbiota and overcome the host immune defense. Campylobacter jejuni colonization success varies...
Environmental particulate matter induces murine intestinal inflammatory responses and alters the gut microbiomeDownload
Background Particulate matter (PM) is a key pollutant in ambient air that has been associated with negative health conditions in urban environments. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of orally administered PM on the gut microbiome and immune function under normal and inflammatory...