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- 1El-Sheikh, Amr.
- 1Fagan-Garcia, Katharine
- 1Griffiths, Cameron
- 1Harrop, Alan Robertson.
- 1Jensen, Lionel D
- 1Li, Li.
- 4Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology
- 4Department of Surgery
- 2Department of Medicine
- 1Department of Cell Biology
- 1Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
- 1Department of Immunology
Background:There are over 11 million people hospitalized for burns annually according to the World Health Organization, resulting in painful skin scar contractures and restricted movements, as well as mental and physical stresses. Up to 70% of deep dermal injury result in hypertrophic scars,...
Poxviruses encode many genes that are orthologs of cellular genes. These orthologs serve many functions, but those that are of most interest are ones that have evolved further and now serve an immune-evasion function. Such genes were likely first acquired by poxviruses through some form of...
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a ubiquitous respiratory pathogen that infects almost everyone by the age of two. In high-risk populations, such as infants and elderly individuals, RSV can infect the lower respiratory tract and cause severe symptoms, such as bronchiolitis or pneumonia. As a...
Infectious respiratory diseases, caused by viruses and bacteria that attack the respiratory system, constitute a serious threat in public health around the world. Pathogens can be transmitted in the air though large droplets or aerosols. As aerosols can linger in the environment for a prolonged...
Inhibition and enhancement of Respiratory Syncytial Virus replication by nucleoside analogues and bis(indole) compoundsDownload
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is an Orthopneumovirus that infects the epithelium of the airways. Severe RSV infection of the lower respiratory tract in infants is a leading cause of pediatric hospitalizations. RSV also causes substantial morbidity in immunocompromised and elderly populations....
The Role of Vitamin D in Anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha-Induced Response in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel DiseaseDownload
Vitamin D is an important immunomodulator of the immune system and has been suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Drugs targeting TNF-alpha are effective IBD therapies, and vitamin D has been demonstrated to suppress TNF-alpha as well as work...
This thesis examines the pathophysiology of asthma, attempts to determine the cellular mechanisms behind viral-induced immune memory mediated asthma exacerbations, and investigates urinary metabolomic biomarkers of asthma and neonatal hypoxia.
The introduction of WNV into North America in 1999 was followed by rapid spread throughout the continent. Today, WNV is an endemic pathogen in the west, with thousands of cases of severe infection reported annually. In addition to traditional vaccine research, there is an urgent need to...
Mast cells are immune cells important in innate immunity. Besides their role in asthma and allergies, mast cells are critical effector cells against various pathogens. Mast cells are established to be protective against bacterial infections, but little is known about their functions in viral...
A large deletion virus reveals the presence of previously uncharacterized vaccinia virus inhibitors of NF-kB signalingDownload
The classical Nuclear Factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway is an important regulator of inflammation and innate immune responses. Poxviruses, including vaccinia virus, encode multiple immune evasion proteins, including a growing number of NF-κB inhibitors. To determine if additional vaccinia...