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- 9Willing, Benjamin P.
- 3Finlay, B. Brett
- 2Antunes, L. Caetano M.
- 2Croxen, Matthew A.
- 2Gill, Navkiran
- 2Van Kessel, Andrew G.
Small intestine early innate immunity response during intestinal colonization by Escherichia coli depends on its extra-intestinal virulence statusDownload
Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) strains live as commensals in the digestive tract of the host, but they can also initiate urinary tract infections. The aim of this work was to determine how a host detects the presence of a new UPEC strain in the digestive tract. Mice were orally challenged...
Kefir is a complex fermented dairy product created through the symbiotic fermentation of milk by lactic acid bacteria and yeasts contained within an exopolysaccharide and protein complex called a kefir grain. As with other fermented dairy products, kefir has been associated with a range of health...
Diet and specific microbial exposure trigger features of environmental enteropathy in a novel murine modelDownload
Borchers, Christoph H., Willing, Benjamin P., Sansonetti, Philippe J., Uhrig, Marco, Vonaesch, Pascale, Reynolds, Lisa A., Scholz, Roland, Wlodarska, Marta, Partida, Oswaldo, & Finlay, B. Brett, Brown, Eric M., Han, Jun, Arrieta, Marie-Claire
Environmental enteropathy (EE) is a subclinical chronic inflammatory disease of the small intestine and has a profound impact on the persistence of childhood malnutrition worldwide. However, the aetiology of the disease remains unknown and no animal model exists to date, the creation of which...
The intestinal microbiota has been found to play a central role in the colonization of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium in the gastrointestinal tract. In this study, we present a novel process through which Salmonella benefit from inflammatory induced changes in the microbiota in order to...
The intestinal microbiota plays a role in Salmonella-induced colitis independent of pathogen colonizationDownload
The intestinal microbiota is composed of hundreds of species of bacteria, fungi and protozoa and is critical for numerous biological processes, such as nutrient acquisition, vitamin production, and colonization resistance against bacterial pathogens. We studied the role of the intestinal...
Host resistance to bacterial infections is thought to be dictated by host genetic factors. Infections by the natural murine enteric pathogen Citrobacter rodentium (used as a model of human enteropathogenic and enterohaemorrhagic E. coli infections) vary between mice strains, from mild...
Effects of phytase supplementation on performance and phosphorus excretion from broiler chickens fed low phosphorus-containing diets based on normal or low-phytic acid barleyDownload
A total of 240 day-old broiler chicks were used to study the effects of phytase on performance and phosphorus (P) excretion from birds fed diets containing low phytate barleys formulated without inorganic P. A positive control based on Harrington barley (HB) was formulated to meet requirements...
Beever, Jonathan E., Band, Mark R., Marini, Juan C., Schook, Lawrence B., Chowdhury, Shankar R., Rund, Laurie A., Willing, Benjamin P., Gaskins, H. Rex, King, Dale E., Loor, Juan J., Lane, Adrienne B., Van Kessel, Andrew G.
Background To gain insight into host-microbe interactions in a piglet model, a functional genomics approach was used to address the working hypothesis that transcriptionally regulated genes associated with promoting epithelial barrier function are activated as a defensive response to the...
Commensal bacteria and expression of two major intestinal chemokines, TECK/CCL25 and MEC/CCL28, and their receptorsDownload
Background CCL25/TECK and CCL28/MEC are CC chemokines primarily expressed in thymic dendritic cells and mucosal epithelial cells. Their receptors, CCR9 and CCR10, are mainly expressed on T and B lymphocytes. In human, mouse, pig and sheep CCL25 and CCL28 play an important role in the segregation...